Writing a Good Conclusion for a Research Paper

Writing a great research paper comes with some practice. The more time you devote to understanding and practicing the elements, as well as the more time you give yourself to work on a research paper, the more likely you will be to handing in writing worthy of the best grades. Writing a good conclusion, for instance, is essential because it’s the last impression your audience will have of your work. Here are some tips for writing a good conclusion for a research paper:

  • Indicate the Start of Your Conclusion
  • Unlike the rest of the paragraphs in your paper, which will start with a good topic sentence, your conclusion won’t be introducing a new topic for discussion nor indicate the insertion of a new piece of evidence. The start of your conclusion should indicate just that: you’ve reached the end and you’re about to briefly review your argument and why it works.

  • Restate Your Thesis Statement
  • Immediately, after you start your conclusion with a clean and simple sentence indicating the end, you should immediately restate your thesis statement or central argument. It’s been a long read for your reader and, hopefully, you’ve kept them intrigued with great writing, but you always want to remind them what your argument is. Don’t simply copy and paste; come up with a different way to express the same idea you presented at the beginning.

  • Summarize and Synthesize
  • The middle part of your conclusion should be reserved for reminding your reader of your main arguments and supporting evidence. Again don’t simply rewrite but restate in different words. Additionally, show your reader how your arguments and evidence work together to prove your central argument by synthesizing your ideas. Don’t assume your reader will automatically understand this. Without insulting your reader let them know what you have accomplished.

  • Don’t Bring Up New Evidence
  • While all of these tips deal with what should go into a good conclusion paragraph, this one tip of what not to include is just as important. Don’t introduce new evidence. All of your evidence should have been brought up in the body paragraphs. If you do have new evidence you absolutely need to bring up then you should consider revising your research paper so that the evidence appears in the body paragraphs.

  • Write a Great Closing Thought
  • The last tip can be tricky but is very importation. Leaving your audience with a lasting impression can be accomplished in the final two sentences of your conclusion by employing one of several tricks. You should consider asking a though-provoking question or give your audience a call to action. Whatever you choose make sure it relates to your paper and gives a sense of closure to your work.